FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE
The multiple-choice questions as well as the essay question will require you to be familiar with the following terms. As you are studying, make sure you can answer the four W’s—Who, What, When, and Where—for each term. The most important question to address is WHY is this term historically significant. In other words, why are we studying this particular term, and why should people remember it?
Tecumseh The Louisiana Purchase Marbury v. Madison
Dolley Madison Treaty of Ghent Ideology of Separate Spheres Andrew Jackson The Monroe Doctrine The Liberator Grimké Sisters Indian Removal Act of 1830 The Declaration of Sentiments Lowell Mill Girls The Oregon Trail The Mexican-American War
Free Labor Ideology Feme Covert The “Know-Nothings” Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 John Brown Bleeding Kansas
The Brooks-Sumner Affair Popular Sovereignty Uncle Tom’s Cabin
The Dred Scott Decision Abraham Lincoln Fort Sumter
A Slaveocracy Jefferson Davis Southern Regional Advantages Northern Regional Advantages Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant
“King Cotton Diplomacy” Emancipation Proclamation 1863 Bread Riot
1863 NYC Draft Riot Sherman’s “March to the Sea” April 9, 1865
Civil War Medicine Juneteenth Thirteenth Amendment
Radical Republicans Fifteenth Amendment Compromise of 1877
In-Class Essay: Your essay should be five to nine paragraphs long and should rely on specific historical evidence. You must include an introduction, defined body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The excellent essay will contain an original thesis statement. You will be graded on your ability to synthesize the information presented in lecture and the textbook. Make sure to answer all parts of the question.
Road to the Civil War: Describe the key events between 1840 and 1860 that led to the eruption of the Civil War. Make sure to include specific examples of cultural, political, territorial, and economic tensions on the eve of the Civil War. Was the Civil War inevitable? What key differences between northern and southern societies made the act of compromising increasingly difficult? Then consider the Civil War itself. What advantages did each region possess at the outbreak of the War? What key events led to Union victory? In what ways did the War transform the nation? In what ways was it an “unfinished revolution”?