Guidelines for writing case study:
Introduction – Introduce the reader to the case study. Define long term condition or a life shortening illness is. How many people in the UK and World experience this condition? Statistics relating directly to the LTC or LSI and NHS/disability (no more than 500 words).
Confidentiality statement – Explain that to comply with the NMC code of conduct names, location, age etc are anonymized.
Case study– Introduce the patient. What is their past medical history? What is their diagnosis and prognosis? Define the condition/illness. How long has this condition/illness affected the patient? Are they cared for at home or in hospital? Give details about who the family and/or carers (do they work, age, are they the parents, spouse, children). Give the context in which care was provided.
Pathophysiology – Explain the pathophysiology of the disease and relate this to the patient you are discussing. Explain the symptoms that the patient being discussed has.
Physical, Social and Psychological challenges – Explain the physical, social and Psychological challenges relevant to the patient and carer experience from living with the LTC (mobility stress, financial, depression etc) and the relevant research to improve this (this will involve looking for studies that relate to the condition and the experiences of patients. This can be divided up into :
Nb: you will need to relate the impact on the family/carers
Medical/Nursing Care (chronic or acute care) – Explain the care that your patient has experienced referring directly to Department of Health/NICE Guidelines and public health initiatives/drivers (National and international related to public health) related to the disease and relate to the patient. Are there any limitations of these guidelines related to the patient? Were there reasons why your patient received different treatment/ interventions and was it working? How do you know?
Integrated Care – Define Integrated care and how this has benefited/hindered the patient’s journey (experience). Incorporate a holistic view and critique what is happening in practice and discuss the Intergrated Care Pathway if this exists. Are there any differences from the ICP and practice and why? Think about all aspects of MDT and their input to care so that you are able to integrate the care of the patient in a more overall way. Refer to and critically analyze Government Strategies (Five Year Forward View, Wanless Report, House of care model for example) and research.
Health Promotion and Patient Empowerment Discuss the nurses role in health promotion in improving the well being of the patient being discussed (eg Making Every Contact Count, NHS constitution (6 C’s)) demonstrating an understanding of behaviour change (Transtheoretical Model or empowerment model) and whether your patient was ready to change. Other aspects that may be relevant to your patient are rehabilitation or end of life care, relevant government guidelines and research need to be linked to the patient. You will need to refer the NMC code in relation to the role of the nurse in Health promotion. Link to the patient in this case study.
Conclusion Summarize the findings in your essay and make recommendations for practice, do not introduce new ideas (no more than 500 words)
Links to module learning outcomes:LTC
35 references list within 8years (referencing/harvard)s
4000 word Case Study: Learning outcomes 1-4
These learning outcomes can be understood in the following ways:
Learning Outcome 1: Identify the physical and psycho-social challenges that the patient in your case-study is experiencing. Challenges may include mobility, financial, transport, access to treatment, stress for example. Consider the definition of health, psychological and social needs, and the social determinants of health.
Learning Outcome 2: Consider various policies and drivers and how these are related to effectiveness of care and public health and long term/life shortening conditions. Examples of National Policies include National Service Frameworks, NICE guidelines, Care pathways, Framework for Personalized Care and Population for Nurses, Midwives, Health Visitors and Allied Health Professionals for example.
Learning Outcome 3: People with long-term and life limiting illness in the past have experienced fragmented care when care should be organized around their needs. Define integrated care. Discuss how integrated care benefited or hindered your patient care.older people and those with long-term conditions, care is too often
Learning outcome 4: Identify and discuss the role of the nurse in preventing ill health and promotion of health and well being within different health care settings, considering particularly the NMC, NHS constitution and Every Contact Counts and person-centered care.